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                Types of lipids

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[Up] [Types of lipids] [Dyslipidemia] [Causes Dyslipidemia] [Complications Dyslipidemia] [Management Dyslipidemia] [Life style modification] [Free radicles] [Homocysteine role] [Food in dyslipidemia] [Cholesterol levels] [Risks for heart attacks] [Investigations]

Types of Lipids

                                                                                        

 

Good Lipid include

  1. HDL Cholesterol

 

Bad Lipids include

  1. Total Cholesterol

  2. LDL Cholesterol

  3. VLDL Cholesterol

  4. Triglycerides.

 

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Lipid Profile is the measurement of all the lipids-Good and Bad in the blood.

 

Bad Lipids

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They are responsible for damaging and clogging of arteries (Atherosclerosis) which leads to High Blood Pressure, Coronary Artery Disease (Angina, Heart Attacks), Strokes, Eye Damage (Retinopathy), Kidney Damage (Nephropathy).

 

Good Lipid (HDL)

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Prevents bad lipids from getting deposited in blood vessels.

 

Lipid ratios (Cardiac Risk Factors)

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Ratios of Bad lipids particularly Total Cholesterol and LDL Cholesterol to Good Lipid HDL are particularly important as they are strong predictors of Heart Attacks in future. The higher the ratio, more the chances of heart attacks in future. The significant lipid ratios are:

 

  1. Total Cholesterol / HDL Cholesterol

  2. LDL Cholesterol / HDL Cholesterol

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