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                High risk group

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[Screening for diabetes] [High risk group] [Diagnosis guidelines] [Criteria for diagnosis] [Investigations protocol] [Diabetes in pregnancy] [Targets for control] [Diet Advise] [Exercise] [Complications] [Management] [Drug action]

 

WHO ARE THE PERSONS AT HIGH RISK FOR DIABETES.

 

 

 

Those with typical symptoms and signs.  
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Polyuria (increased urination)

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Polyphagia (increased appetite)  

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Polydipsia.( excessive thirst)

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Unexplained weight loss in spite of adequate food intake

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Undue tiredness and fatigue.

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Tingling or numbness in the extremities.

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Burning feet.

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Generalized pruritus. (excessive generalized itching).

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Purities vulvae (itching vulvae region)

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Infection in genital region. (balanitis)

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Delayed wound healing.

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Impotency.

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Premature cataracts.( early onset cataract in eyes)

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Visual disturbances.

 

Other people in high risk group are:
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All persons with a positive family history of diabetes.  

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All obese patients ,especially those with central (abdominal) obesity, waist-hip  (w-h) ratio ,>0.95 in men and >0.85

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In women, and /or a body  mass index (BMI) >25.

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All adult patients with tuberculosis.

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Patients with arteriosclerosis (clogging of arteries with plaques) and its complications, especially those with premature macro vascular disease. (angina, stroke).

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All patients with high blood pressure and lipid abnormalities.

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All women with bad obstetric history, recurrent abortions, those giving birth to large weight babies. 

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Persons who are large weight babies; very low birth weight babies may also be at higher risk.

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Persons who show an acute rise in blood glucose levels at time of physical (acute infections, trauma etc.) or mental stress.

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Persons taking drugs which are known to increase blood glucose levels like steroids, oral contraceptives, beta blockers (a class of anti hypertensive) etc.

 

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