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                Risks for heart attacks

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[Up] [Types of lipids] [Dyslipidemia] [Causes Dyslipidemia] [Complications Dyslipidemia] [Management Dyslipidemia] [Life style modification] [Free radicals] [Homocysteine role] [Food in dyslipidemia] [Cholesterol levels] [Risks for heart attacks] [Investigations]

                   

Risk for heart attack in dyslipidemic patients  

     

                                                   

   

                                                                

 

                                          

Steps to find out risk for developing heart attack.

 

Step 1

Check the table below to see how many of the listed risks you have: these are risk factors that affect your LDL goal.

 

 

Major Risk Factors that affect your goal.

Cigarette Smoking

High Blood Pressure (140 / 90 mm Hg or higher on blood pressure medicine)

Low HDL Cholesterol (less than 40 mg/dl)

Family history of early heart disease. (heart disease in father or brother before age of 55; heart disease in mother or sister before age 65)

Age (men 45 years or older; women 55 years or older)

If your HDL cholesterol is 60mg/dl or higher, subtract 1 from your total count.

Even though Obesity and physical activity are not counted in this list, they are conditions  that need to be corrected.

 Step 2

How many major risk factors do you have? If you have 2 or more risk factors in the table given above, use the risk scoring tables to find out your risk scores. Risk score refers to the chance of having a heart attack in the next 10 years, given as a percentage. (Framingham Point Scores)

 

  My 10 years risk score is-------------

 

 Step 3

Use your medical history, number of risk factors, and risk score to find your risk of developing heart disease or having a heart attack in the table given below.

 

    If You Have                                                        You Are in Category

  Heart disease, Diabetes, or Risk score more than 20 %

  Highest risk

  2 or more risk factors and risk score 10-20 %

   Next Highest risk

  2 or more risk factors and risk score less than 10 %

   Moderate risk

  0 or 1 risk factor.

   Low to Moderate risk

   My Risk Category is-------------------

                                    

ESTIMATE OF 10-YEARS RISK FOR MEN AND WOMEN

Framingham Points Scores

Age

Points Males

Points Females

20-34

35-39

40-44

45-49

50-54

55-59

60-64

65-69

70-74

75-79

-9

-4

 0

 3

 6

 8

10

11

12

13

-7

-3

 0

 3

 6

 8

10

12

14

16

                                                                         

Age Males

  Total cholesterol

Age 20-39

Age40-49

 Age50-59

 Age60-69

Age70-79

<160

160-199

200-239

240-279

> or = 280

0

4

7

9

11

0

3

5

6

8

0

2

3

4

5

0

1

1

2

3

0

0

0

1

1

                                                                                         

Age Females

  Total cholesterol

Age 20-39

Age40-49

 Age50-59

 Age60-69

Age70-79

<160

160-199

200-239

240-279

> or = 280

0

4

8

11

13

0

3

6

8

10

0

2

4

5

7

0

1

2

3

4

0

1

1

2

2

 

       Age

  Non Smoker

  Smoker

Males

Females

Males

Females

Age 20-39

Age 40-49

Age 50-59

Age 60-69

Age 70-79

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

  0 

8

5

3

1

 1 

9

7

4

2

1

 

    HDL (mg/dL)

Males

Females

> or =60

50-59

40-49

<40

-1

 0

 1

 2

-1

 0

 1

 2

 

Systolic BP (mm Hg)

Males

Females

If Untreated

If Treated

If Untreated

If Treated

<120

120-129

130-139

140-159

> or =160

0

0

1

1

2

0

1

2

2

3

0

1

2

3

4

0

3

4

5

6

                            

  ESTIMATE OF 10-YEARS RISK FOR WOMEN

  ESTIMATE OF 10-YEARS RISK FOR MEN

Points Total

10 Year Risk %

Points Total 10 Year Risk %

<9

  9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

> or = 25

 

<1

 1

 1

 1

 1

 2

 2

 3

 4

 5

 6

 8

11

14

17

22

27

> or = 30

 

 

<0

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

> or =17

 

 

<1

1

1

1

1

1

2

2

3

4

5

6

8

10

12

16

20

25

> or= 30

 

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