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Up | Introduction | Symptoms | Complications | Transmission | Prevention | Vaccination | Vaccine Quality | Vaccination schedule | Communicable disease

Hepatitis A and jaundice

 

 Hepatitis

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Hepatitis is a viral infection of the liver.

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Different viruses cause hepatitis, but they all produce a very similar illness that usually starts with flu like symptoms, progressing suddenly to loss of appetite, fatigue, fever, and nausea and vomiting.

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Smokers notice a sudden distaste for cigarettes.

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A rash and aching joints sometimes occur.

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Between 3 and 10 days later, the urine becomes dark and jaundice (yellowish skin and eyes) appears. Most people feel better at this point, even though the jaundice becomes worse.

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The jaundice worsens for 1 to 2 weeks, then begins to fade over 2 to 4 weeks.

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Hepatitis usually resolves completely, but occasionally complications develop, including chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, or even liver failure.

 Hepatitis A Facts

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Jaundice (yellowness of eyes, skin and urine) is most commonly due to hepatitis A infection.

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Hepatitis A and hepatitis B are two different diseases.

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Hepatitis A spreads through contaminated food and water and close person to person contact.

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Vaccination with Hepatitis B vaccine can not afford protection against Hepatitis A and vice versa.

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Raw or insufficiently cooked food (fruits, vegetable salads, seafood) or cooked food handled by an infected individual can be a source of Hepatitis A infection.

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You and your child may be at risk of getting exposed to hepatitis A infection at schools/nurseries/day care centers / swimming pools etc.

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Once infected, hepatitis A can cause loss of school days or work for 6 weeks to 3 months and in some cases may lead to severe liver disease which could be fatal.

  General preventive measures include
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Ensuring proper sanitation.

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Maintaining personal hygiene.

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Avoiding contaminated food and water.

 

 

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