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Burns

 

 

 

                                                                                                     

               

           Burn treatment emergency kit    

         

             

                                     

             Superficial burn                           Wash in water for 20 minutes                   Apply clean dressing

 

 

 Types of burns

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Partial thickness wound sensitive

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Deep burn wound insensitive

 

 Burns caused by

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Heat, Moist Heat( Scald),  Sun Burn, Irradiation, Chemicals, Electricity, Friction

 

 Chemical Burns

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Remove clothing on or near the burn area. Never pull clothing over the head with a chemical burn. You may need to cut the clothing.

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Wash the area thoroughly with low pressure water for at least 20 minutes.

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Apply a clean dressing to the area.

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Get medical attention as soon as possible.

 

 Second Degree Burns

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Second degree burns go through to the second layer of skin.

 

 Characteristics: Blisters, Rough Red Skin, Swelling, Extreme Pain

 

 Second degree burns treatment:

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Immerse in cold water or have cold, wet cloths applied to it immediately.

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Gently blot area dry. Do not rub. Rubbing may break the blister, opening it to infection.

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Cover wound with dry, sterile bandage.

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If burn is located on arm or leg, keep limb elevated as much as possible.

Second degree burns should heal within a few weeks.

 

 Third degree burns

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Third degree burns are less painful than second degree burns because the nerve cells in the affected tissue are actually destroyed, but the damage is greater. The burn goes through to the third layer of skin.

 

 Characteristics: whitish or charred appearance

 

 Third degree burns treatment:

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Do not remove any clothing near or at the site of the burn

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Do not apply cold water or medication to the burn.

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Place clean, dry cloths (i.e. strips of a clean sheet) over the damaged area.

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If burns are on arms or legs, keep the limbs elevated above the level of the heart.

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If victim has burns on face, check frequently to make sure he is not having difficulty    breathing.

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Get victim to a hospital at once.

 

 Points to remember

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Never put butter or greasy ointments on a burn. They seal heat into the wound and may cause infection.

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Always seek medical attention if...

  1. Victim is a child or elderly

  2. Burn covers more than one body part

  3. Burn is located on any sensitive area of the body (hands, face, feet, etc.)

  4. Burn is third degree

  5. Burn is caused by chemicals

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