Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
To restore ventilation and circulation
Principles of management
Look for foreign body/secretions Remove foreign body /secretions and maintain airway
Pat on back to remove foreign body
Extend neck Pinch the nostrils Mouth to mouth breathing
Mouth to mouth breathing in baby Cardiac massage Mouth to mouth breathing in adult
What is CPR?
CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Cardio refers to the heart. Pulmonary refers to the lungs. CPR is a way to give oxygen and keep the heart pumping when it has stopped beating. It is an emergency procedure that can save the life of someone whose heart has stopped beating and who is not breathing.
When is it used?
Almost 75% of cardiac arrests occur in the home. When someone has a cardiac arrest, the heart stops beating. When this happens, someone should call emergency number and the person should be given CPR until he or she starts moving or emergency medical help arrives. If CPR is not done, the person can have brain damage or die in 5 to 10 minutes.
What happens during CPR?
CPR is done by blowing air into a person's lungs with mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and by pushing on their chest. The mouth-to-mouth resuscitation gives the person some oxygen and pushing on the chest pumps the heart to keep blood flowing. Here are the steps:
What happens after CPR?
Normally, the person who needed CPR will be taken to an emergency room at a hospital. He or she may need to stay in the intensive care unit for several days.
What are the benefits of CPR?
Thousands of lives are saved each year by people who do CPR.
What are the risks associated with CPR?
Pressing on the chest may result in a sore chest, or even broken ribs.
The person you are giving CPR to may start to vomit even though he or she is not breathing. If this happens, turn the person to the side and try to sweep out or wipe off the vomit. When the throat and mouth are clear, continue with CPR if there is still no pulse or breathing.
The spread of infection from the person receiving CPR to the rescuer is very rare. There is no record of HIV or AIDS being transmitted via CPR.
How can I learn CPR?
You need to take a class to be certified to give CPR. In classes for adult CPR, information is provided on the signs and symptoms of a stroke or heart attack as well as ways to reduce the risk of developing these problems. Classes are also available for infant and child CPR. It is important that a special class be taken for giving CPR to children because the procedures are different. Some classes combine the training for both the adult CPR and infant and child CPR certifications.
CPR classes are open to the public and are held in hospitals, fire departments, and community centers.
Steps of cardiopulmonary resuscitation
External cardiac massage
Unsuccessful Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
How to assess if person is alive
Signs of death