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 Dr Shashank Jain

[Home] [Anatomy joints] [Types of arthritis] [Spondylosis] [Investigations] [Management  arthritis] [Physiotherapy modern] [Joint strengthening] [Exercises 1] [Exercises 2] [Newer medicines] [Questions answered]

 

What is arthritis? 

 

 

                                                                    

 

Pathological changes in an arthritic joint.

 

                 

 

 What is arthritis?     

    

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Arthritis is a disease of the joints, marked by pain and swelling. 

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Arthralgia means any pain that affects a joint. 

 

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The word arthritis means joint inflammation. 

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There are more than 100 kinds of arthritis . 

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Arthritis causes serious disability in many people. 

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Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis are the two major kinds of arthritis. 

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Osteoarthritis, or degenerative joint disease, is a non inflammatory arthritis. 

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Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory arthritis, when it occurs in children, it is called juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, or Stills disease.

 

 

 The following pathological changes occur in an arthritic joint.

  • Destruction of ends of bone in joint capsule.

  • Destruction of cartilage which covers tip of bones.

  • The density of bone also decreases. (osteoporosis). 

  • Decreased joint lubricating fluid. (synovial fluid).

  • Inflammation of joint lining. (synovial membrane)

 

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