diabetesjain.com 

                Depression

Home
Patient Education
Organization
Consultations
Diabetes
Hypertension
Lipid disorder
Thyroid
Arthritis
Fever
Weight Reduction
Asthma over view
Jaundice Hepatitis A
Sleep disorders
Cardiac markers
CT MRI Xray
Discounts Lab tests
Free camps
For Patients
For Doctors
Pharma companies
For students
For schools
Life Insurance
Alerts
Visitor page
Donate
About us
Disclaimer
Feed back

Up | Definition and criteria | Classification | Clinical presentation | Grading depression | Depression in women | Management

Depression

 

 

 A MOOD DISORDER

bullet

Depression and anxiety are part and parcel of our lives. These manifest as part of our normal emotions, reactions and feelings. 

bullet

However when these reactions tend to be severe, are out of proportion to the adversaries faced by the individual in life and are not befitting with the reality, they are labeled as psychological disorders and need proper treatment.

bullet

Depression is a grave, even life threatening disorder which may not only decrease quality of life but may end up in patient committing suicide, not to mention that it may aggravate other medical illness like hypertension, angina, diabetes. 

bullet

Left untreated, depression increases with time and becomes difficult to treat and even resistant to treatment.

 

 Depression an under diagnosed problem.

  What is depression ?

bullet

Mood or Affective disorder.

bullet

Core symptom is gloomy mood.

bullet

Results in disturbed emotional expressions.

 

 

 Facts & figures.

                        

 

bullet

Single largest psychiatric disorder.  

bullet

Depression as a reaction which is out of proportion needs medical attention.

bullet

Prevalence. >20% (females), <10% (males).

bullet

Under diagnosed, under treated problem

bullet

80 % seek help from family doctors.

bullet

Most common presentation is physical.

 

 Misunderstandings and Misconceptions about depression.

bullet

There are many misunderstandings and misconceptions regarding these common psychiatric illnesses. 

bullet

These are considered as not real illnesses, and people around are more hostile than sympathetic.

bullet

Patients try to fight the disease of their own without medical treatment and their condition deteriorates from bad to worse.

 

 Incidence and etiology of depression.

bullet

Depression occurs at all ages and in both the sexes, more so in women. 

bullet

The disease is the result of interplay of genetic or constitutional factors, adverse circumstances and lack of support from relatives, peer groups and society. 

bullet

Failure to recognize the disease and proper treatment only helps in aggravating the disease.

 

 Biology of depression.

bullet

It has been  proved medically that levels of certain neurotransmitters (chemicals) of brain go down in genetically predisposed (susceptible) individuals, who are exposed to adverse circumstances causing symptoms of depression.

bullet

Proper management including treatment with medicines, psychotherapy and correcting the adverse environment can cure this disease permanently.

 

 Symptoms of depression.

Patient presents with psychological or psychic symptoms and somatic or physical symptoms.

bullet

The psychological or psychic symptoms include low mood, sadness, tearfulness, and loss of interest or pleasure, lack of energy, fatigue, loss of concentration, feeling of worthlessness, guilt and suicidal thoughts.

bullet

 Somatic or physical symptoms include sleep disturbances, loss of appetite, constipation, loss of sex drive, agitation, head ache, back ache, chest pain, palpitations, suffocation and menstrual irregularities.

bullet

Social effects of depression include withdrawal, neglect of family and friends, poor efficiency at work and decreased social mixing.

 

 

 Management of depression includes.   

bullet

Proper understanding by the patient and his family about the existence of disease, urgent need for its treatment and implications of leaving it unattended.

bullet

Reassuring the patient, about the safety of medicines used for long term treatment, stressing the fact that these medicines don't make one dependent upon them for a lifetime and telling them about permanent cure which can be achieved by proper management of the disease.

bullet

The drug treatment. psychotherapy and support by  the family members, relatives, peer groups and people at place of work can ensure speedy and full recovery of this curable disease. 

 

 

                                 Site designed and maintained by JMWDC                 Medical Web designing for doctors contact